HTML <input> Tag

<form name="myForm" action="http://www.PuStudy.Com/resources/html-forms-action.html">
	
<input type="text" name="myTextField">

<button>Submit</button>
</form>

The above example demonstrates usage of the <input> element.

The <input> element represents an input control in a form. Or as W3C describes it, a typed data field, usually with a form control to allow the user to edit the data.

The type attribute is used to specify the data type (and associated control) of the element.

The <input> element is typically included within a <form> element but this is not necessary — an <input> element can stand alone if required.

In the above example, we use the <input> element to provide a text field for the user to enter text. And because the element is enclosed within a <form> element (and it contains a submit <button>), any user input is submitted along with the form when the user clicks the submit button. The action attribute provides the URL for the contents of the form to be submitted to.

Accepted Values for the type Attribute

The following values can be used with the type attribute.

ValueData TypeControl Type
hiddenAn arbitrary stringN/A
textText with no line breaksText field
searchText with no line breaksText field
telText with no line breaksText field
urlAn absolute IRIText field
emailAn email address or list of email addressesText field
passwordText with no line breaks (sensitive information)Text field that obscures data entry (eg, hides the password by using asterisks (******) or similar)
datetimeA date and time (year, month, day, hour, minute, second, fraction of a second) with the time zone set to UTCDate and time control
dateA date (year, month, day) with no time zoneDate control
monthA date consisting of a year and a month with no time zoneA month control
weekA date consisting of a week-year number and a week number with no time zoneA week control
timeA time (hour, minute, seconds, fractional seconds) with no time zoneA time control
datetime-localA date and time (year, month, day, hour, minute, second, fraction of a second) with no time zoneDate and time control
numberA numerical valueText field or spinner control
rangeA numerical value, with the extra semantic that the exact value is not importantSlider control or similar
colorAn sRGB color with 8-bit red, green, and blue componentsA color well. Enables the user to select a color.
checkboxA set of zero or more values from a predefined listCheckbox
radioAn enumerated valueRadio button
fileZero or more files each with a MIME type and optionally a file nameA label and a button
submitAn enumerated value, with the extra semantic that it must be the last value selected and initiates form submissionButton
imageA coordinate, relative to a particular image's size, with the extra semantic that it must be the last value selected and initiates form submissionEither a clickable image, or a button
resetN/AButton
buttonN/AButton